Circle Concept: Overview

Circle Concept: Overview

This is more than a drill. When used regularly, it can become central to your swing schema (the framework to your movement understanding). Here are a few important areas to consider:

Focus Points

  • The downswing plane should be slightly under the up swing plane.
  • Be aware of the club face at the end of the backswing (should be laid flat on its back) and at the completion of the swing (should be face down).
  • Be mindful of your body moving with you in sync with the arms and club head. This drill makes no sense if you just swing your arms.
  • One of the more detailed areas that are highlighted through this exercise is the blend of wrist hinge and arm rotation that occurs throughout the swing.


Be mindful that the top stage of the circle exercise has an excessive amount of arm and club rotation in relation to the actual swing. The club face should begin to rotate to any meaningful value until at least halfway through the backswing. There is also a lifting of the arms in the actual swing that creates the more vertical

Movement Psychology

A lot of this comes down to how you conceptualise the swing. Thinking of the swing in this way will help you create other orthodox 'internal'/proximal' movements in your swing.

i.e. On a basic level, to swing the clubhead in a wide arc in the backswing one must have an extended lead arm and allow the trial arm to fold and rotate while hinging the wrists in a smooth and gradual manner. All this will happen with a high level of automaticity if we stay focused on the arc of the club. This concept is central to the Attentional Focus paradigm INSERT LINK that has proved so dominant in movement science.