Basic Movement Sequence

Basic Movement Sequence

This is a basic overview of kinematic sequencing.Energy is generated from the innermost (proximal) body segments and transferred outwards (distal segments) to the club. For a more in-depth understanding of how each segment accelerates then decelerates to pass the energy on to the next distal segment, see the biomechanics section.


From the start of the downswing:

  1. The legs start to unwind. This is evidenced by the knees which will be externally rotated (see more detail in
  2. The hips unwind as the pelvis moves slightly to toward the target. In the video, I demonstrate moving toward the target first which is a great way for high handicappers to get the club on the inside and achieve good impact alignment. However, if you want to cerate maximum power then you need to rotate earlier in the downswing. Just make sure that you are not sitting back on it and swiping across the ball.
  3. The torso unwinds. This is the part that feels most instinctive to many golfers. It just has to be delayed until the lower half has moved first.
  4. The arms swing. This motion sends the arms out in front of the body ready to deliver the wrist action.
  5. As the wrists unhinge, the club is delivered to the ball.
  6. WHACK!

Movement Psychology

The kinematic sequence is instinctive in many other sports that involve throwing or striking. It often gets degraded in golf due to the apparent mechanical complexity of the swing' leading golfers to 'over control' their movement and hinder their sense of athleticism and flow.

For the occasional golfer or the player who is just starting out, it can take a lot of trust to leave the club and arms at the top of the swing while the lower half rotates into the downswing. There is often an anxiety to get the club to the ball quickly as if that is going to reduce errors. It takes TRUST and POISE to develop athletic movement.

Learn to leave the club alone until well into the downswing.